The thoracic (chest or pleura) cavity is an area that separates the chest from the abdominal cavity, chest wall, and diaphragm (lung) by the diaphragmatic wall and the abdominal wall. It is subdivided into a left and a right division, called thoracoplasty and neuroplasty. The thoracic cavity consists of the upper, middle and lower lungs, esophagus, the heart, abdominal muscles, liver, spleen, diaphragm, spleen, kidney and gallbladder among other vital organs. The thoracic cavity has a small opening, known as the right atrium, which is a part of the diaphragmatic opening. The thoracolausis, the cartilage connecting the diaphragmatic opening to the thorax, contains nerves and the nerves connect the lungs to the upper body.
The thoracic cavity is very closely connected with the vital organs and the skeletal system through a series of air pathways and small blood vessels. The lungs can fill with air when the patient exhales and fill the chest cavity when he inhales. Inhalation of air creates the lung ventilation while exhalation produces the lung expiratory airway pressure (the air we breathe).
There are two important organs involved in breathing, the lungs and the stomach. When the lungs are not working properly, they compensate by producing more mucus. This causes congestion in the chest. If a person does not have enough oxygen and has too much mucus, they will feel tired, runny nose, cough, chest pain, vomiting, weight loss, fatigue and dizziness.
There are also some important body tissues which do not have their functions properly and cause inflammation. These include the lungs, skin, esophagus, kidney, heart, liver, spleen, spleen, diaphragm, pancreas, gallbladder and lungs among many others.
The most common cause of pleural thickening is lack of oxygen and a blockage in the body tissues caused by a tumor. A tumor can form in the pleura, a large cavity or tumor that forms between the chest wall and diaphragm. the lining around the abdominal cavity. This condition, called a pleural mesothelioma, is the leading cause of death due to cancer of the lung.
Chest X-rays are very helpful in diagnosing pleura and its associated symptoms. There are two types of chest x-rays: soft-tissue and needle (bessograph). Soft tissue x-rays are done using a light ray to show if there are pockets, blockages or changes in the chest wall and needle-based are done using a fiber optic cable or needle to look inside the chest.
Pleural thickening can be diagnosed by taking a chest X-ray
The soft tissue scan reveals the presence of blood clots, fluid-filled sacs or nodules. On the other hand, a needle-based exam can show evidence of a tumor or polyp.
Pleural mesothelioma can spread through the pleura to other parts of the body or into the pleura cavity. Pleural mesothelioma is generally diagnosed after a diagnosis of cancer of the lung. The two main treatments are surgery and radiation therapy.
Surgery can remove the pleura and all the tumors from it. But this may leave the pockets and polyp. This is the reason why the treatment is often called "removing the whole thing" surgery.
Radiation therapy is also used to remove the tumor and all the cancer cells from the pleura. This method is better than surgery because it does not leave any scar. and it does not require surgery to close the wound afterwards.
In addition to surgery and radiation therapy, pleural mesothelioma can be treated with a drug called Xolair (Tysabri). is a drug that treats this type of tumor by removing the cells, slowing down the growth rate and making the tumor weak. This medication is given to treat pleural thickening and pleural mesothelioma in combination with radiation therapy.
Pleural mesothelioma can lead to pleural lining bleeding and the possibility of infection. As long as the treatment is continued, there are no major risks or dangers. There are only mild effects like fever and low white blood cell count. If the disease is severe, surgery might be required, but this can be treated with medicines.